The bill was introduced in the evening and has not been published yet, but it is already causing a stir. Crypto Twitter calls it a “nonstarter.”
United States Sen. Jack Reed sponsored a bipartisan bill introduced into the Senate on July 18 that would tighten Know Your Customer (KYC) and Anti-Money Laundering (AML) regulations and sanctions requirements for decentralized finance (DeFi). According to a news release on Reed’s website, the bill is titled the Crypto-Asset National Security Enhancement and Enforcement (CANSEE) Act.
The bill would subject DeFi operations to the same requirements as “other financial companies, including centralized crypto trading platforms, casinos, and even pawn shops.” The bill would make “anyone who controls that project” liable for the use of the DeFi service by sanctioned persons. Furthermore:
The bill would also “modernize” Treasury Department AML powers by extending them beyond the traditional financial system. According to the statement:
The bill also set new requirements for operators of crypto kiosks (or ATMs) to prevent their use in money laundering. Kiosk operators would be required to verify the identities of both counterparties in a transaction.
The bill has not been published at the time of writing. A member of Reed’s staff contacted by Cointelegraph could not say when the bill would be published. A text purporting to be the draft bill has been posted on GitHub.
Case in point:
The definition of “control” is so broadly worded that it’s meaningless. No thresholds, no specifics, just “control,” as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury. Completely and utterly unworkable.https://t.co/rVk26MJwfA
Crypto Twitter has wasted no time in condemning the bill. One commenter called it “an existential threat to DeFi” and a “nonstarter.” Another said that “imposing control responsibility for a $25mm investment is going to chill VC investment into DeFi b/c passive tokenholding does NOT equal control.”
The Crypto Council for Innovation said in a statement, “The proposal fails to offer actual guidance on technical ways for decentralized protocols to comply with BSA [Bank Secrecy Act] reporting requirements.” That organization favors an approach that “requires distinguishing various elements within the DeFi technology stack. It also involves leveraging the transparency and programmability inherent in blockchain systems to derive appropriate compliance measures unique to the crypto ecosystem.”
Amy James, founder of industry advocate Web3 Working Group, told Cointelegraph, “Sadly, the US is becoming less and less supportive of web3 innovation. […] Although some argue any amount of regulatory clarity is a win, it needs to be right or it’s not a long-term win. We commend these legislators on making an attempt to provide regulatory clarity, and we hope to see them adjust aspects of this bill based on industry feedback to make the US a long-term competitive market in web3.”
Sens. Mike Rounds, Mark Warner and Mitt Romney are cosponsors of the bill. Reed and Warner were cosponsors of a bill introduced by Sen. Elizabeth Warren — the Digital Asset Sanctions Compliance Enhancement Act — in March 2022.
Update (July 19, 19:10 UTC): This article has been updated to include the commentary of Amy James.